Dynamic variables are symbols that can be temporally bound to a new value, and the binding propagates into the body of a function. This pattern is known as dynamic scopes, and is generally considered as a bad idea. Nonetheless, here it is.
The use of COBOL cripples the mind; its teaching should, therefore, be regarded as a criminal offense.
Edsger W. Dijkstra
Dynamic vars are special symbols. Unlike other symbols, their bindings can be changed in the same scope.
(def ^:dynamic tax-rate 0.1) (defn calc-tax [income] (* tax-rate income))
The dynamic var acts as a normal symbol, and is captured by the lexical rule.
(calc-tax 1000) ; => 100.0
But the existing binding of a dynamic var can be modified.
(binding [tax-rate 0.15] (calc-tax 1000)) ;=> 150.0
This is something that
(let ...) cannot achieve:
(let [tax-rate 0.15] (calc-tax 1000)) ;=> 100.0